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lavery has about brought the worst of mankind as I believe it is the worst action you can do as a human to another. Humanity should be about freedom from every point of view and being able to make your own rational decisions. It is quite depressing that it has taken so many years for slavery to be eradicated once and for all, however, we must be respectful towards Abraham Lincoln, he was the one to take the first step towards the eradication of slavery.

The map you can see above was produced by the United States (US) Coast survey in 1861 and it was created on the basis of a census report from 1860. The map represents all of the states in America based on the percentage of slaves they housed within them. Creating such a map was not necessarily in the agency’s job description.

We should be thankful to the agency but the person who we should really thank in this case is President Thomas Jefferson as he was the one to sign an act that would, therefore, create such a type of agency that was delegated to count up the population of the United States.

Abraham Lincoln (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Abraham Lincoln was elected the President of the United States of America on the 20th of December 1860. During his electoral campaign, he had mentioned that he would not interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States. However, upon a glance at this map which has a significant representation of how serious slavery was in America, he changed his mind and went against what he has previously stated.

This man was the 16th President of the United States since its formation. Besides being very well known for putting an end to slavery, he is also well known for preserving the Union during the American Civil War. Sadly, after all these good deeds and accomplishments he was assassinated in 1865 in Washington D.C.

U.S. Coast Survey/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Here we have presented the caption of the map showing the percentage — or at least the number you should round up to — based on the color of each state presented on the map. Some of the states were in a really bad condition as you can see, especially right near the center and a bit to the West, where some states are reported to have more than 90% of the population as slaves.

U.S. Coast Survey, 1861/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Lincoln was looking at the large population of slaves around Texas and he just could not believe his eyes that these numbers (percentages) were actually right. Upon checking the validity of the map something clicked for him. He thought of the millions of people who were enslaved around the world, living a life worst than animal stock.

He saw that he had to do something, as he was the President of the United States at the time he knew that he can influence some people. However, he also knew that the minds of those that were trading slaves and using them in the cotton fields would be very hard to change because all they saw was financial gain.

The image above represents the area where most cotton fields and farms were located in America. These are also the areas that housed the largest number of slaves. Lincoln knew the head of the snake however, he was not able to cut it without getting bitten.

This map also helped with winning the Civil war, however, its most important consequence remains Abraham Lincoln putting a stop to slavery with the determination of how emancipation would affect the course of the war. This is how the Emancipation Proclamation was born which was taken into action on the 1st of January 1863. This law declared that all slaves in the United States would be set free forever.

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